Price of Meat Still Too High in Laos

cowgirl beef laos

Meat is an important food that we eat every day and is one type of food, according to many Lao diets, that is indispensible. Since meat prices have become volatile, it has affected the daily livelihoods of everyone. But why have meat prices increased so much, and how can we resolve this situation? These are questions that many are struggling to answer.

 

According to the national public health survey, in one year, Lao people consume an average of 50 kilograms of meat per person, with the supply of meat in 2012-2013 reaching 153,550 tonnes. At present, the price of beef (and buffalo) in Luangnamtha, Oudomxay, Vientiane Capital, Savannakhet and Champasak is around 70,000 kip. Pork fetches 38-45,000 kip per kilogram. In Luang Prabang beef is 65,000 kip and in Xayabouri it is 55,000 kip.

Ms. Bounleua Sengsavad, a teacher in Champasak said, “before (government) salaries increased, beef was 50,000 kip, while pork was 30,000 kip. After employee salaries were increased, beef prices increased to 70,000 kip and pork to 38-45,000 kip. However, when the employee benefits were suspended, the prices continued to go up.”

 

Mr. Somdee Tengbliajue, a technical expert in rural development and poverty eradication in Oudomxay Province, said, “compared to last year, Oudomxay now has 22,406 buffalos, down by 50%. There are 34,199 cows, down by 32%, 85,268 pigs, down by 45%, and 13,943 goats, down by 48%.” He added that the reason that livestock numbers had decreased was due to increased consumption, and those raising livestock shifting to other occupations for better incomes. There were also a number of natural disasters that killed off livestock in various provinces.

 

Mr. Bounnoy Xayalad, academic expert at the School of Business Administration and Political Theory, Savannakhet Province, said “the raising of cows and buffalo has demonstrated a diminishing trend due to a lack of grazing land and the rapid growth of the industry and services sector. The solution in the past was to import meat from Vietnam and Thailand, however in reality a portion of Lao livestock was actually being exported to neighboring countries. This means that one buffalo may have been exported for sale (to Vietnam or China), and the same buffalo would then be then imported once more at a higher price. I would like the relevant authorities to urgently plan for the domestic promotion of the raising of livestock and the administration of pricing, to ensure it is in line with the ordinary cost of living”

 

Dr. Aloun Phonevixay, Deputy Head of the National Livestock Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, said “right now the price of beef has increased from 35,000 kip to 70,000 kip. There are three factors at play causing this. Firstly, cities are developing quickly and demand is rising. Secondly, the average income in Laos is increasing, leading to additional consumption of beef. Thirdly, Lao beef is being exported for sale in Vietnam and China, as beef in Vietnam will fetch 120,000 kip. Previously, in Xiangkhuang Province, cows and buffalo were sold to Vietnam at a rate of about 10,000 animals per year. Xiangkhuang Provinces supplies only about 10% of the market in Vientiane Capital.”

The wholesale price of beef is 48,000 kip per kilogram, and it retails in Vientiane at about 70,000 kip per kilogram. The trade between the farm and the retailer is based on the amount of meat on the animal, and the retailer often claims the volume of meat is low in order to purchase at lower prices. Often the farmers are unable to clearly measure the volume of meat themselves, and will sell to the highest bidding retailer. The price of beef and buffalo between December and March increased by 30% because of festivals, etc, and during this period the price increases by 6-7% each year. Retailers have difficulty sourcing quality animals and documents relating to the transportation of animals leads to the animals losing weight, also contributing to the rise in prices.
Regarding a resolution to the problem, he says “there needs to be more livestock farms and less natural raising of cattle. Services need to be improved.”

Beef Prices in Laos

 

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????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 3.635????????????????????????????????????????????? 66,4% ???????? 33,6% ????????????????????????????? 53,1% ?????? ??? ?????? ??? 46,9% ????????????????????????????????????????????? 50 ?????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????? 2012-2013 ?????? 154.550 ????.    ???????????????????-??????????????????,????????, ?????????, ????????????? ????????????????? 70.000??????????????????? 38-45.000???????????, ????????????????????????????????  65.000??? ???? ??????????? 55.000???.

????????????????? ??????????? ??????????????????????????????????: “?????????????????????????????????? 50.000???, ?????? 30.000 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 70.000???, ?????? 38-45.000??? ?????????????????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????” ???? ??????? ?????????????? ????????????????????????? ???? ???????????????????? ?????????????????????: “????????????????????????????????? ???? 22.406 ??????????? 50%, ??? 34.199?????????? 32%, ?? 85.268??????????? 45%, ???? 13.943??????????? 48%; ??????????????????: ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ?????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ??????”       ??????. ???????????????? ??????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????: ???????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ???? ????????????????? 2,0%, ???????2,6% ???? ??????? 2,4% ?????? ??? ???? ?????????????2,4, ??????? 1,1% ???? ???????1,2%. ?????? 2013 ??????????????????????? 0,2%, ??? 1.3%, ????-???? 6,1%, ?? 6%; ???????????????????????????????????????? 320 ???????????????????.      ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????????????????????????????????? ??? ?????????????????????????????? ??????????????: “????????? ???????????-???????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ???? ???????????????-??????????????????????????????, ?????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????; ??????????? ???????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ???? ????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????” ????????.

???????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????.                                           ???????????????? ????????? ??????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????: “?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????-????????????????????????????, ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????; ??????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????,???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??? ???????????????????????????????????????? ???? ??????????????????.

???????.????? ?????????? ????????????????????????????????? ????? ???????????????????: ?????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????-??????, ?????????????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ??????: ??.??????? ???????????????????????.

???? ???. ?????? ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????????????????: ???????? ????????????? ??????????????????? 35.000 ???? ???? 70.000 ??? ????????????????????? 3 ???????????????: ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???: ????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ???? ???: ??????????????????????????????????? ???? ?????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? 120.000???. ??????? ????????????????????????????? ??????????-???????????????????????? 10,000 ??/?? ?????????????-????????????????????????????? 10% ?????????????????????????????????????.???????????????? 48.000 ???/??????????????????????????? 70.000 ???/????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ???????-????????????????????????????????????????? 30% ?????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ???????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 6-7%?????. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.                 ????????????????? ?????????????: “?????????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????. ??????? ?????????????????????, ?????????????? 2 ?????????????????????????????????????????: ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 30,000 ????????????????????????? 450 ??????????? 2 ????????????.

?????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

Target MagazineRe-published with permission of Target Magazine.
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