Recommended Vaccinations for Travel in Southeast Asia

Vaccines for Southeast Asia

More than 80% of adults do not properly maintain their immunization status, however when living in or travelling through rural areas in Southeast Asia, taking the time to review your immunization status is essential. The following are just a few of the diseases that the World Health Organisation recommends vaccinations against:

Hepatitis A: Exposure via food or water or by faecal-oral route, ingestion can lead to severe liver damage. Prevention includes good personal hygiene, ensuring safe water supply, eating well-cooked foods and peeling your own fruit.

Hepatitis B: Exposure to blood or bodily fluids, sexual contact, or being exposed through medical treatment (e.g. accident). Infection can lead to severe liver damage.

Typhoid: Exposure via food or water, it is transmitted from person to person primarily through ingestion of contaminated food and water, especially in areas with poor sanitary conditions. Prevention includes good personal hygiene such as washing your hands frequently, a safe water supply, eating well cooked foods and peeling your own fruit.

Rabies: This viral infection is transmitted though the saliva of infected animal bites or scratches. It affects the brain and the spinal cord, and may be fatal. A series of three pre-exposure rabies vaccination shots is advised for persons planning to spend a lot of time outdoors and in rural areas.

Japanese Encephalitis: This viral infection is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes in Southeast Asia. Transmission occurs throughout the year in tropical and sub-tropical climates, and during late spring, summer, and early fall in temperate areas. The mosquitoes breed in flooded rice fields and irrigation projects. Insect-bite prevention measures include applying permethrin spray or solution to clothing and gear. Sleeping under a mermethrin-treated mosquito net will also decrease risk of infection.

Malaria: Malaria still exists in the tropics especially in areas far from major cities. If you will be visiting risky areas, we recommend that you take anti malaria drugs; two relatively common choices are atovaquone/ proguanil (Malarone) or doxycycline.

Seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended for children, persons over the age of 50, or those of any age suffering from chronic heart disease, emphysema, asthma, renal disorders, immune-suppressive disorders, and organ transplant recipients.

Pneumococcal Vaccine is recommended for person over the age of 65 or for those of any age suffering from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, renal disorders, liver diseases, sickle cell disease, asplenia, or immune-suppressive disorders.

The WHO recommends travelers are fully vaccinated against measles, rubella, mumps, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and poliomyelitis before starting their travels.

For more information please consult your medical doctor or contact Alliance International Medical Centre.

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Vaccinations for Southeast Asia??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????????????????????? 80% ????????????????????????????????????????.

????????????????????????????????? WHO ??????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????? ????????????? ????????????:

?????????????? A: ??????????????????????? ??? ???? ??? ????????????????, ???????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????. ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???????????????, ????????????????????????? ??? ???????????????????.

?????????????? B: ???????????????????? ??? ????????????????, ??????????????, ????????????????????????? ??????? (???????: ?????????????) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

??????????: ???????????????????????????, ????????????????????????? ?????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????: ??????????????????,??????????????????, ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????????????????.

?????????: ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????. ???????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

????????????????????????: ??????????????????????????????????????????????? Culex ?????????????????? ???????. ????????????????????????????????????????????????. ?????????????????????????????, ????? ?????????? ????????.

??????: ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????. ?????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????? ?? ?????????? Atovaquone/ proguanil (Malarone) ??? Doxycycline.

???????????: ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???????????? 50 ????????, ????????????? ??????????????, ???????????, ???????????????, ??????????????????????????? ???????????????????? ??????????????????.

??????: ????????????????????????????????????????????? 65 ????????, ??????????????????????????????????????? ????????????, ???????????????????????, ?????????????????????????, ??? ???????????????????????????????????.

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????? ????????? (WHO) ????????????????????????????????????: ??????, ???????????, ???????, ?????, ??? ?????, ?????, ??????.

????????????????? ??? ??????????????????????????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ????????

AIMC

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